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Received : 12-04-2021

Accepted : 14-04-2021

Available online : 12-05-2021



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To evaluate the nutritional status of patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 in out-patient department of a multi-specialty hospital in Mumbai using malnutrition universal screening tool assessment score


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Original Article

Author Details : Shilpa Varma*

Volume : 4, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 24-33

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijnmhs.2021.005



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Abstract

Objective: To screen for the nutritional status of patients with Diabetes Mellitus in out-patient department of a Multi Speciality Hospital during treatment using validated Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool. Nutritional status is an important element for quality of life and wellness among patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2. This study aimed to assess the nutritional status of adult diabetic outpatients using MUSTMalnutrition Universal Screening Tool and evaluate relative factors in these patients. Patients and Methods: A total of 168 adult patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 seen at the out-patient department of a Multi Speciality hospital in a suburb of Mumbai were included in this study. A crosssectional study was carried out from February 2019 to June 2019 in the out-patient department. Patients were evaluated for their nutritional status using Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST). Sociodemographic, current pharmaceutical treatment information, BMI, MUST score was recorded. As a part of ongoing research, 3-day dietary recall and physical activity information were collected. Multivariate regression was used to ascertain the aspects associated with nutritional status. 
Results: The aggregate age of the study subjects was 56 years. A total of 12 participants had MUST score of 2 or more points by MUST screening and 5 patients had a score of 1 and rest had a MUST score of 0 but 72.62% were overweight or obese.
Conclusion: Early screening of nutritional status using simple screening tools like MUST might help to identify and thereby improve the nutritional status of patients with Diabetes Mellitus type 2 in out-patient department of any healthcare setting.

Keywords: malnutrition- screening- MUSTnutritional status-outpatients- blood glucose - diabetes mellitus - diet -glycaemic control - insulin -polypharmacy - overnutrition –obesity- type 1 diabetes - type 2diabetes - undernutrition- adultpopulation- assessment.



How to cite : Varma S , To evaluate the nutritional status of patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 in out-patient department of a multi-specialty hospital in Mumbai using malnutrition universal screening tool assessment score. J Nutr Metab Health Sci 2021;4(1):24-33


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and J Nutr Metab Health Sci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)